Kofi Annan, the former UN Secretary General and the joint UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, resigned from his position after all his attempts to achieve ceasefire in Syria failed. On announcing his resignation on August 2, 2012, Annan said that divisions within the United Nations Security Council were not conducive to presenting a unified approach to prevent fighting in Syria.
Kofi Annan also actively blamed the regime and the opposing militants for the failure of his six-point peace plan. All his attempts to bring a ceasefire and end the crisis have not been successful, even though he was able to get the Syrian government and its allies to agree to the plan.
UN announced that Lakdar Brahimi, known for his strong will power, would replace Annan as the official peace messenger to Syria. Brahimi, who is 78 years old, has formerly worked as the Algerian foreign minister and is a long-time UN diplomat. His most notable posts include being an envoy in Haiti, Yemen, Afghanistan and Iraq, until his retirement in 2005. He even helped to negotiate the end of the civil war in Lebanon, when he was the Arab League Envoy.
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As a UN special representative, Brahimi helped manage and implement the democratic elections in South Africa that saw Mandela come to power. Brahimi has a long and successful record of working in Arab countries and has considerable understanding of the Islamic community. Brahimi was also the representing UN in Afghanistan prior to the 9/11 attacks and after the United States government exiled Taliban. He also helped to set up an interim government in Iraq after Saddam Hussein was ousted in the US-led war. Brahimi is also the member of The Elders, a group of former world leader that support and advocate world peace.
He has also helped Annan by acting as a special advisor on conflict resolution and is known for his leading contribution towards the review of UN peacekeeping and security efforts worldwide. On accepting the post, he spoke to the associated press by telephone and said that he realised that the mission was extremely complicated and difficult. He also said that he hoped that no military intervention would be needed, as a military option would generally be a sign of diplomatic failure.
Brahimi was appointed as the peace envoy for Syria on August 17th, 2012. Both the United States of America and China have welcomed the appointment of Brahimi as the peace envoy, owing to the fact that United Nations estimates at least 18,000 people have been killed in the Syrian war. Gerard Araud, the French U.N. ambassador, called this an “impossible mission” but expressed support by saying that the conflict in Syria simply could not go on, and an experienced man like Brahimi could help with the peace talks and help find a midway to end the ongoing strife.