A civil war that has claimed thousands of lives and rendered lakhs of people homeless is also the reason behind the mass destruction of many Syrian cities, which includes both big and small cities. People are fleeing the country and seeking refuge in neighbouring nations, and these people are consequently finding it increasingly difficult to cope with the existing situation. And if the Syrian government resorts to using chemical weapons, as is being predicted and feared, the aftermath is going to be very ugly and worse than the present situation.
With time, the Syrian civil war is gaining a sectarian hue to it as it is becoming a war between those who support the regime, the Alawites and other minorities, and the Sunni rebel groups. As this indicates a rise in the chances of victory being in rebels’ favour, it would also make the work involving the rebuilding of the country more difficult and extremely challenging.
The Free Syrian Army (FSA) is not a very coordinated or strong group, and has many sects within itself. More of a franchise of slackly-knit armed groups, it has not been able to create an effective, clear and commanding authority, and does not enjoy the trust or credibility expected from a united rebel force.
This lack of a commanding force coupled with the absence of a clear authority will prove to be major drawback when it comes to resurrecting the country once the war-like situation is done and dusted. A Syrian opposition leader had said that a massive aid programme is essential to help rebuild the country, without which extremism might pave its way into the system and cripple the country further. The head of the Syrian National Council, Abdelbaset Sieda, said in a meeting of diplomats and representatives of the Syrian opposition that a programme, similar to that implemented in Europe after the Second World War, is required to rebuild Syria after the civil war ends.
Over two lakh people have fled the country and are seeking refuge in neighbouring countries. Moreover, the opposition has claimed that the Assad government’s policies and regime have had devastating effects on public institutions and finances and, hence, it would not be possible to carry our rebuilding efforts successfully by relying on revenues from oil export alone.
A plan similar to the Marshal plan is, therefore, required to revive the country’s civic and economic condition after the conflict subsides. The aftermath of the mass destruction is predicted to leave the country in a shattered state and only extensive aids can help bring it back to life. With fears emanating that infrastructure and basic services may collapse in an already crippled economy, the challenges are grave and plenty and it is only through sustained efforts that Syria can come on its feet again and function as a peaceful and united nation.